The Mexican Day of Independence is set on the 16th September.
Nevertheless, the celebration already begins the night before when thousands of visitors gather in downtown to watch the dance shows, listen to music, and admire a spectacular firework at midnight with the grito de independencia, “Viva México!”
The following day, all schools are closed with their students taking part in a huge parade and next to the police, the military and the marines in the city center.
Since the beginning of the 19th century, the Mexican citizens began to rise up against of the colonial rule of Spain. After several drought periods, increasing costs for food, and regarding the amount privileges of the Spanish conquerors, the Mexican people felt more and more discontent and depleted. Finally triggered by the Declaration of Independence of France and the United States, the Mexican war of Independence began with protest marches and riots.
The most famous leader of the conspirators has been Padre Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla who has announced a revolt against the Spanish authorities on 16th September 1810 in the Grito de Dolores. The patriotic Cry of Dolores ended with the words:
“Viva la Virgen de Guadalupe, Viva la América española, viva Fernando VII, Viva México! Viva México! Viva México!”
Eleven years later, Mexico’s Independence has officially been accepted in 1821 in Veracruz.